Dr. Roberto Casula is a cardiac surgeon and researcher who has expertise in using minimally invasive advance cardiac surgery techniques. He holds specialized skill in robotic surgery. He is a Consultant Cardiothoracic Surgeon and Honorary Senior Lecturer in Imperial College London.
Introduction of robotic cardiac surgery
Robotics in cardiac surgery was introduced nearly three decades ago, in late 1990s, but this technique required a special infrastructure in the hospital and very skilled surgeon who could effectively use robotic arm for surgical procedure. The fundament of this technique is laparoscopy which was introduced at the end of 1980s. The robotic surgery came a decade after introduction of laparoscopy, but its results were encouraging from the beginning. Few surgeons like Roberto Casula had a skill to use this technique in the field of cardiac surgery. Two major fields of cardiac surgery: mitral valve surgery and coronary artery revascularization use robotics as an effective procedure. Robotic telemanipulation systems are used to perform robotic surgeries.
Robotics: An era of automation in cardiac surgery
Robotics initiated an era of automation in the field of surgery and its success rates in mitral valve repair, minimal need for coronary reintervention and relatively low morbidity profile depicted remarkable clinical outcomes. The exclusive feature of robotic systems is organ-mounted robots that assist a cardiac surgeon in various ways; a surgeon is assisted autonomously to access to the organ, manipulation of heart and heart tissue’s motion compensation, without stopping heart beats. However, robotic cardiac procedures suffer due to barriers of high costs, hospital infrastructure, and lack of clinical skills.
A fast-growing concept of modern time
The countries such as US, UK, and some other European countries, the barriers are eliminated due to affordability factor. In UK, the skill of Roberto Casula is a great advantage to train more surgeons in the field of robotic cardiac surgery. This innovation has been infused in the market of cardiac surgery and this has become a fast-growing concept. The results are encouraging and future of robotic cardiac surgery is also bright.